Finlayson, NJ, Neacsu, V, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2020). Spatial heterogeneity in bistable figure-ground perception. i-Perception 11(5): 1-16.

Stoll, S, Finlayson, NJ, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2020). Topographic Signatures of Global Object Perception in Human Visual Cortex. NeuroImage 220: 116926.

Alvarez, I, Smittenaar, R, Handley, SE, Liasis, A, Sereno, MI, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Clark, CA (2020). Altered visual population receptive fields in human albinism. Cortex 128: 107-23.

Infanti, I, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2020). Mapping sequences can bias population receptive field estimates. NeuroImage 211: 116636.

Morgan, C, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2020). Comparison of human population receptive field estimates between scanners and the effect of temporal filtering. F1000Research 8: 1681.

de-Wit, L, Ekroll, V, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Wagemans, J (2019). Is information theory, or the assumptions that surround it, holding back neuroscience? Behavioural & Brain Sciences 42: e223.

Schwarzkopf, DS (2019). Size perception biases are temporally stable and vary consistently between visual field meridians. i-Perception 10(5): 1–9.

de Haas, B, Iakovidis, AL, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Gegenfurtner, KR (2019). Individual differences in visual salience vary along semantic dimensions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA

Hughes, AE, Greenwood, JA, Finlayson, NJ, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2019). Population receptive field estimate for motion-defined stimuli. NeuroImage 199: 245-60.

Schwarzkopf, DS (2019) The red thread in the maze. Cortex S0010-9452(18): 30442-8.

Dekker, TM, de Haas, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, Nardini, M, & Sereno, MI (2019). Population receptive field tuning properties of visual cortex during childhood. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 37: 100614.

Moutsiana, C, Soliman, R, de-Wit, L, James-Galton, M, Sereno, MI, Plant, GT, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2018). Unexplained progressive visual field loss in the presence of normal retinotopic maps. Frontiers in Psychology 9: 1722.

Finlayson, NJ, Manser-Smith, K, Balraj, A, de Haas, B, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2018). The optimal experimental design for Multiple Alternatives Perceptual Search. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics 80(8): 1962-1973.

de Haas, B, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2018) Feature-location effects in the Thatcher illusion. Journal of Vision 18(4): 16.

Weil, RS, Schwarzkopf, DS, Bahrami, B, Fleming, SM, Jackson, BM, Goch, TJC, Saygin, AP, Miller, LE, Pappa, K, Pavisic, I, Schade, RN, Noyce, AJ, Crutch, SJ, O’Keeffe, AG, Schrag, AE, & Morris, HR (2018). Assessing cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson’s disease: An online tool to detect visuo-perceptual deficits. Movement Disorders 33(4): 544-553.

Scott-Samuel, NE, Ashida, H, Lovell, PG, Meese, TS, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2018). Stacking Chairs: Local Sense and Global Nonsense. i-Perception 9(1).

de Haas B, & Schwarzkopf DS (2018). Spatially selective responses to Kanizsa and occlusion stimuli in human visual cortex. Scientific Reports 8: 611.

Schwarzkopf, DS (2018). On the plausibility of scientific hypotheses: Commentary on Mossbridge and Radin (2018). Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 5(1): 94-97. (Pre-published PDF)

Jacobs, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Silvanto, J (2017). Visual working memory performance in aphantasia. Cortex S0010-9452(17): 30360-X.

Weil, RS, Pappa, K, Schade, RN, Schrag, AE, Bahrami, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, Crutch, SJ, O’Keeffe, AG, & Morris, HR (2017). The Cats-and-Dogs test: A tool to identify visuoperceptual deficits in Parkinson’s disease. Movement Disorders 32(12): 1789-1790.

Zeidman, P, Silson, EH, Schwarzkopf, DS, Baker, CI, & Penny, W (2017) Bayesian population receptive field modelling. NeuroImage S1053-8119(17): 30746-2.

Finlayson, NJ, Papageorgiou A, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2017). A new method for mapping perceptual biases across visual space. Journal of Vision 17(9): 5.

Anderson, E, Tibber, M, Schwarzkopf, DS, Shergill, S, Fernandez-Egea, E, Rees, G, & Dakin, S (2017). Visual population receptive fields in people with schizophrenia have reduced inhibitory surrounds. Journal of Neuroscience 37(6): 1546-1556.

Allen, M, Glen, JC, Müllensiefen, D, Schwarzkopf, DS, Fardo, F, Frank, D, Callaghan, MF, & Rees, G (2017). Metacognitive ability correlates with hippocampal and prefrontal microstructure. NeuroImage 149: 415-23..

Axelrod, V, Schwarzkopf, DS, Gilaie-Dotan, S, & Rees, G (2017). Perceptual similarity and the neural correlates of geometrical illusions in human brain structure. Scientific Reports 7: 39968.

Tailor, VK, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Dahlmann-Noor AH (2017). Neuroplasticity and amblyopia: vision at the balance point. Current Opinion in Neurology 30(1): 74-83.

Allen, M, Frank, F, Schwarzkopf, DS, Fardo, F, Winston, JS, Hauser, TU, & Rees, G (2016). Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence. eLife 5: e18103.

van Dijk, JA, de Haas, B, Moutsiana, C, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2016). Intersession reliability of population receptive field estimates. NeuroImage 143: 293–303.

Banica, T, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2016). Induction of Kanizsa contours requires awareness of the inducing context. PLoS One 11(8): e0161177.

Moutsiana*, C, de Haas*, B, Papageorgiou, A, van Dijk, JA, Balraj, A, Greenwood, JA, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2016). Cortical idiosyncrasies predict the perception of object size. Nature Communications 7: 12110.

Gregory, S, Fusca, M, Rees, G, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Barnes, G (2016). Gamma frequency and the spatial tuning of primary visual cortex. PLoS One 11(6): e0157374.

de Haas, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, Alvarez, I, Lawson, R, Henriksson, L, Kriegeskorte, N, & Rees, G (2016). Perception and processing of faces in the human brain is tuned to typical feature locations. Journal of Neuroscience 36(36): 9289-9302.

Smittenaar, CR, MacSweeney, M, Sereno, MI, & Schwarzkopf, DS
(2016). Does Congenital Deafness Affect the Structural and Functional Architecture of Primary Visual Cortex? Open Neuroimaging Journal 10: 1-19.

de Haas, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2016). Attention and multisensory modulation argue against total encapsulation – Comment on Firestone & Scholl. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 39: e237.

Alvarez, I, de Haas, B, Clark, CA, Rees, G, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2015). Comparing different stimulus configurations for population receptive field mapping in human fMRI. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9: 96.

Schwarzkopf, DS (2015). Where is size in the brain of the beholder? Multisensory Research 28(3-4): 285-96. (Download PDF)

Song, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, Kanai, R, & Rees, G (2015). Neural population tuning links visual cortical anatomy to human visual perception. Neuron 85(3): 641-56.

Wilks, CEH, Rees, G, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2014). Dissociable processes for orientation discrimination learning and contextual illusion magnitude. PLoS One 9(7): e103121.

Alvarez, I, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Clark, CA (2014). Extrastriate projections in human optic radiation revealed by fMRI-informed tractography. Brain Structure & Function 220(5): 2519-32.

Schwarzkopf, DS (2014). We should have seen this coming. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8: 332.

de-Wit, L, & Schwarzkopf, DS (2014). Do we need another neural correlate of contour integration? i-Perception 5(1): 50-2.

Schwarzkopf*, DS, Anderson*, EJ, de Haas, B, White, SJ, & Rees, G (2014). Larger extrastriate population receptive fields in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Neuroscience 34(7): 2713-24.

de Haas, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, Anderson, EJ, & Rees, G (2014). Perceptual load at fixation changes spatial tuning of neuronal populations in human early visual cortex. Current Biology 24(2): R66-7.

Song, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, Lutti, L, Li, B, Kanai, R, & Rees, G (2013). Effective connectivity within human primary visual cortex predicts inter-individual diversity in illusory perception. Journal of Neuroscience 33(48):18781-91.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2013). Perceptual organization and consciousness. In J. Wagemans (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.

Song, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2013). Variability in visual cortex size reflects tradeoff between local orientation sensitivity and global orientation modulation. Nature Communications 4:2201.

Urner, M, Schwarzkopf, DS, Friston, K, & Rees, G (2013). Early visual learning induces long-lasting connectivity changes during rest in the human brain. NeuroImage 77:148-56.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2013). Subjective Size Perception Depends on Central Visual Cortical Magnification in Human V1. PLoS One 8(3): e60550.

de Haas, B, Schwarzkopf, DS, Urner, M, & Rees, G (2013). Auditory Modulation of Visual Stimulus Encoding in Human Retinotopic Cortex. NeuroImage 70C:258-267.

Apthorp*, D, Schwarzkopf*, DS, Kaul, C, Bahrami, B, Alais, D, & Rees, G (2013). Direct evidence for encoding of motion streaks in human visual cortex. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280(1752): 20122339.

Pinotsis, DA, Schwarzkopf, DS, Litvak, V, Rees, G, Barnes, G, & Friston, K (2012). Dynamic Causal Modelling of lateral interactions in the visual cortex. NeuroImage 66C:563-576.

Schwarzkopf, DS, de Haas, B & Rees, G (2012). Better ways to improve standards in brain-behavior correlation analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:200. (Matlab code)

Anderson, EJ, Dakin, SC, Schwarzkopf, DS, Rees, G & Greenwood, J (2012). The Neural Correlates of Crowding-Induced Changes in Appearance. Current Biology 22(13): 1199-206.

Zeidman P, Mullally SL, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Maguire, EA (2012). Exploring the parahippocampal cortex response to high and low spatial frequency spaces. Neuroreport 23(8): 503-7.

Schwarzkopf, DS, Robertson, DJ, Song, C, Barnes, GR, & Rees, G (2012). The frequency of visually induced gamma-band oscillations depends on the size of early human visual cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 32(4): 1507-12.

Song, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, Kanai, R, & Rees, G (2011). Reciprocal anatomical relationship between primary sensory and prefrontal cortices in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience 31(26): 9472-80.

Mitchell, D, Sengpiel, F, Hamilton, D, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Kennie, J (2011). Protection against deprivation amblyopia depends on relative not absolute daily binocular exposure. Journal of Vision 11(7): 13.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2011). Pattern classification using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2:n/a. doi:10.1002/wcs.141

Song, C, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2011). Interocular induction of illusory size perception. BMC Neuroscience 12(1): 27.

Schwarzkopf, DS, Silvanto, J, & Rees, G (2011). Stochastic resonance effects reveal the neural mechanisms of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of Neuroscience 31(9): 3143-3147.

Harris*, JJ, Schwarzkopf*, DS, Song, C, Bahrami, B, & Rees, G (2011). Contextual illusions reveal the limit of unconscious visual processing. Psychological Science 22(3): 399-405.

Song, C, Kanai, R, Fleming, S, Weil, R, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2011). Relating inter-individual differences in metacognitive performance on different perceptual tasks. Consciousness & Cognition 20(4): 1787-92.

Schwarzkopf, DS, Song, C, & Rees, G (2011). The surface area of human V1 predicts the subjective experience of object size. Nature Neuroscience 14: 28-30.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2011). Interpreting local visual features as a global shape requires awareness. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 278(1715): 2207-2215. (Final submission PDF is available here because the published version has half the juice in the supplementary materials)

Schwarzkopf, DS, Sterzer, P, & Rees, G (2011). Decoding of coherent but not incoherent motion signals in early dorsal visual cortex. NeuroImage 56(2): 688-98.

Schwarzkopf*, DS, Schindler*, A, & Rees, G (2010). Knowing with which eye we see: Utrocular discrimination and eye-specific signals in human visual cortex. PLoS One 5(10): e13775.

Schwarzkopf*, DS, Silvanto*, J, Gilaie-Dotan, S, & Rees G (2010). Investigating object representations during change detection in human extrastriate cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience 32(10): 1780-7.

Gilaie-Dotan, S, Silvanto, J, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2010). Investigating representations of facial identity in human ventral visual cortex with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4:50.

Silvanto*, J, Schwarzkopf*, DS, Gilaie-Dotan, S, & Rees, G (2010). Differing causal roles for Lateral Occipital cortex and Occipital Face Area in invariant shape recognition. European Journal of Neuroscience 32(1): 165-171.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Rees, G (2010). Brain Activity to Rely On? Science 327(5961): 43-44.

Mitchell, DE, Kennie, J, Schwarzkopf, DS, & Sengpiel, F (2009). Daily mixed visual experience that prevents amblyopia in cats does not always allow the development of good binocular depth perception. Journal of Vision 9(5): 22.

Schwarzkopf, DS, Zhang, J, & Kourtzi, Z (2009). Flexible learning of natural statistics in the human brain. Journal of Neurophysiology 102(3): 1854-67.

Schwarzkopf, DS, & Kourtzi, Z (2008). Experience shapes the utility of natural statistics for perceptual contour integration. Current Biology 18(15): 1162-1167.

Vorobyov, V, Schwarzkopf, DS, Mitchell, DE, & Sengpiel, F (2007). Monocular deprivation reduces reliability of visual cortical responses to binocular disparity stimuli. European Journal of Neuroscience 26(12): 3553-3563.

Schwarzkopf, DS, Vorobyov, V, Mitchell, DE, & Sengpiel, F (2007). Brief daily binocular vision prevents monocular deprivation effects in visual cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience 25(1): 270-280.

* equal contribution

Blog at

Up ↑